Vegetation Cover and/or Land Use

Attribute definition
Attribute Label VEGET
Title Vegetation Cover and/or Land Use

Vegetation cover or land use, or both.

Classes Vegetation cover and/or land use: 21 classes. First used in SLC 1.0.

Code Class Description
A Agricultural crops

Cultivated field crops.

B Bog

Bogs may be treed or treeless and are usually covered with Sphagnum spp. and ericaceous shrubs.

C Coniferous forest

Dominated by needle-leaved, cone-bearing species. In the Subarctic Ecoclimatic Regions this refers to an open lichen coniferous forest; in the Boreal Ecoclimatic Regions this refers to a closed canopy coniferous forest.

D Deciduous forest

Dominated by broadleaf species.

F Fen

Dominated by sedges, grasses, reeds, and brown mosses with some shrubs and, at times, a sparse tree layer.

G Grassland

Perennial native grassland or improved pasture.

H Arctic desert

Unvegetated areas in the High Arctic; may be caused by either climatic (too cold or too dry) or edaphic (low soil nutrients or toxic substrates such as salt) factors, or a combination of both.

L Lichen

Dominated by lichens with significant amounts of mosses and usually including low to medium ericaceous shrubs.

M Mixed forest

Composed of both coniferous and deciduous tree species (refer to codes C and D).

P Parkland

A forest - grassland transition consisting of a mosaic of trembling aspen stands interspersed with patches of cropland, grassland, and meadow.

R Marshland

A mosaic surface pattern composed of pools or channels interspersed with clumps of emergent sedges, grasses, rushes, and reeds, and bordered by grassy meadows and peripheral bands of shrubs or trees; submerged and floating aquatics flourish in open water areas.

S Shrubland

Dominated by shrub species.

SP Sedge peat

Dominated by Carex spp. and generally moderately decomposed and matted; the sedge leaves are readily identifiable to the naked eye.

TA Tundra, alpine

Treeless terrain occurring at high altitudes, immediately above the forest zone and the upper altitudinal timberline; vegetation consists of lichens, mosses, sedges, grasses, forbs, and low shrubs (<20 cm) such as heath, dwarf willows, and birches.

TH Tundra, high shrub

Dominated by 20-60 cm high shrubs occurring in the Low Arctic Ecoclimatic Region.

TM Tundra, medium shrub

Dominated by 10 - 20 cm high shrubs occurring in the Mid-Arctic Ecoclimatic Region.

TL Tundra, low shrub

Ground without tree found at high latitudes and especially in the area immediately north of the boreal forest, including parts of the ecozone treeless forest - tundra adjacent to the treeline, tundra vegetation consists of lichens, mosses, sedges, grasses, forbs and low shrubs (20 cm or less) including heath, dwarf willows and birches.

TB Tundra, broken herb - low shrub

Dwarf shrubs, Dryas and willows are important components of the vegetation. Other vascular plants are present but have low total coverage. Crustose lichens are common on the ground surface. Ground cover ranges from 10-20%.

U Unvegetated surface

Rock and Other Unvegetated Surfaces

W Meadow, wet

Dominated by sedges and cotton grass, with 'wet' mosses (e.g., Mnium spp., Sphagnum spp.) and occasional herbs.

# Not applicable

Not applicable

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